Technical progress does not stand still. Technologies and trends are changing literally every day. It is becoming more difficult to chase them, and there won’t be enough money for it. Do you know that many modern inventions were created many years ago? Unmanned vehicles, smart house technologies, smartphones, E-cigarettes — all of these inventions were created long before they became widespread.
Only in the past two years, the number of active smokers of electronic cigarettes has increased from 5 to 45 million people compared to 2011. And this is only official statistics. However, it is considered that electronic cigarettes are a relatively new invention. In many sources, you will find information that the first e-cigarettes were created in early 2004 in China. But, in fact, the idea of generating steam instead of smoke using a heating element is not new. The first e-cigarette patent was proposed by Joseph Robinson in the 1930s. The development remained on paper, there wasn’t any device based on it.
The second, more real attempt to create an electronic cigarette was Herbert A. Gilbert’s product patented in the USA in 1958. It should be noted that the appearance and composition of the device have obvious similarities with modern e-cigarettes. And the patent failed again. No company agreed to develop an electronic cigarette due to unprofitable business.
Even today, a car that moves independently on the roads is more a future than a present. A self-driving car looks like a taxi from a “Total Recall” science-fiction film. Now, almost all global auto companies are developing unmanned vehicles. But how do you like the fact that the first prototype of a self-driving vehicle dates from 1961?
It is referred to a self-driving cart, better known as the “Stanford Cart”. The device was developed by a student at Stanford University as part of his graduate research paper. The cart had many technologies appropriate to modern unmanned vehicles: technical vision, the simplest technology of artificial intelligence, a three-dimensional mapping system of orientation, etc., and all those in the middle of the XX century.
Social networks are closely integrated into our lives. This is a great way to share your emotions, moments of life and work with millions of people. However, many people mistakenly believe that the first social network was Facebook or ICQ. In fact, the first social network appeared in 1995 in the United States. The Internet portal Classmates.com was created to search for former classmates and course mates. The social network exists to this day.
Everyone remembers the famous presentation of the first iPhone in 2007. Then Steve Jobs said that Apple created the first smartphone in the world, but he forgot to clarify that the first prototypes of multifunctional mobile phones were developed since the early 1990s. Of course, then mobile phones were not called smartphones yet and they looked different, but the fact remains. One of the first such developments was the “Simon” telephone, created by IBM in 1992. In addition to the ability to call, the device had the functions of fax, organizer, allowed to work with e-mail and many others.
Today, the concept of “smart house” is gaining high popularity among people from all over the world. After all, its benefits are obvious. Automation of household appliances with the help of modern wireless technology is much more convenient and more perfect. But in order to get what we have today, a great way of development and innovation has been made.
The first prototype of the “smart house” is considered to be the “SPHINX” project, developed in the Soviet Union in 1987. In the center of “smart house”, there was the central processor responsible for the systems administration at home. Also, there were three types of the control module in the technology: portable, module for the car and for household appliances. In addition, voice commands could be used to control smart house systems.